Ongoing News Coverage

This issue has been in the media on a steady basis almost 3.5 years now. Below you’ll find stories on regulatory has been doing to fix the problems at the Water Gremlin site, what Legislators have been doing to ensure another Water Gremlin doesn’t happen again, and more.

WCCO COVERAGE of MCPA Community Meeting regarding new permit and comment period. Click here.

White Bear Press Coverage of Community Meeting. Click here. ““Minnesota statutes state that companies that are not in compliance do have the opportunity to come back into compliance. This is the case with Water Gremlin right now. So we’re building a permit, (and) working closely with the Department of Health to find the health base limits there that are protective to human health and the environment. You’re speaking to real pain. If you want Water Gremlin out, this isn’t going to address that. I just wanted to acknowledge that and thank you for that comment.” Craig McDonnell, assistant commissioner with the MPCA. 

  • Letter to the editor: We’re still watching.

As we prepare for our comments on the new permit, we also know it’s highly likely that Water Gremlin is preparing to contest it. This letter to the editor, published in a July 2022 issue of the White Bear Press, anticipates what will be happening. And, it states very clearly the community resolve: “Our community believes Water Gremlin deserves no breaks be cut. …”

WCCO Coverage of Public Health Assessment, released by MDH.
“It’s very clear that these exposures rose to the point where they could have impacted people’s health, and that’s not OK, it’s not right,” Kelly said. (Jim Kelly is with the Minnesota Department of Health)

White Bear Press coverage of Public Health Assessment.
Water Gremlin watchdogs, the Neighborhood Concerned Citizens Group (NCCG), issued this statement following release of the PHA:
“The list of wrongs done by Water Gremlin to the workers and community is long and it is challenging for anyone, including the MDH, to have a comprehensive list of possible harms. 

“We know TCE exposure was, for many years, far above health-based values and we have evidence of more people being impacted by skin, auto-immune and respiratory issues (plus cancer) than what is suggested as part of this report. We are also surprised that the extent of child-exposure to take-home lead (more than 20 children) was absent from this report. 

“NCCG will be providing comments for the official record so if something like this is ever done again by Water Gremlin, our voice is remembered.” 

White Bear Press Coverage: The NCCG advocates remain active at the Capitol as well. Members testified on two occasions recently before Minnesota House of Representative committees. Comments were made on House files pertaining to cumulative chemical pollution in communities, on the need for more stringent regulation around non-expiring permits issued by the MPCA, and on setting other limits to protect human health and the environment.

Paulson says the change takes time, and is often costly, as new equipment is needed for most alternatives. Her best recommendation are what are considered “water-based cleaners.”

“It’s a big change in how they work, though, so it takes a change in mindset, it takes a little bit more trial and error to find the right part and the right equipment,” Paulson said.

Right now, Water Gremlin is using a chemical called t-DCE. The Environmental Protection Agency is currently studying risks associated with it. Paulson doesn’t think it’s a long-term solution for manufacturers.

Water Gremlin is fined $325,000 in second Stipulation Agreement outlining 23 violations

See below for a summary of coverage on the newest fine imposed on Water Gremlin.

Water Gremlin Signs Stipulation Agreement With MPCA; Pays $325K Penalty, Corrects Violations – From WCCO

Water Gremlin pays new $325,000 pollution penalty
White Bear Township plant will pay penalty for additional violations.  – Star Tribune

MPCA fines Water Gremlin in White Bear Lake for cleanup, pollution violations


Senator Chamberlain and the community, in separate requests, asked the Office of the Legislative Auditor to investigate the Water Gremlin issue. Water Gremlin was selected as one of a few investigations to move forward, out of many other requests. A special review was conducted over almost 2 years and the OLA released their report on February 11, 2021.

“There were things both on the permitting side and on the enforcement side that MPCA could have done better to be aware of these problems sooner and potentially to intervene. When we see instances where things haven’t gone as well as they should we’re concerned, and legislators are concerned and the community is concerned,” Alter said.

When Water Gremlin reported TCE emissions for 2000 through 2002 at levels that “far exceeded” its permit, the MPCA didn’t fine it, the audit found.

And inspectors didn’t check to see if the company’s self-reported emissions matched on-site observations.

The audit quoted an MPCA inspector saying: “That sounds silly, doesn’t it? We really should. ….”

The review cited several instances when the MPCA failed to properly ensure that Water Gremlin had a timely permit that effectively regulated its air emissions.

When the company first applied for a permit in 1995, the MPCA didn’t respond, so Water Gremlin’s hazardous emissions went unregulated for several years, the review states.

“Water Gremlin has a duty to accurately report its emissions and its failure to accurately report emissions from 2002-2017 prevented MPCA from taking action sooner,” she wrote. “Water Gremlin also had a duty to certify the accuracy of the information it provides to the agency when applying for a permit or permit amendment. In its 2002 permit amendment, Water Gremlin stated its emissions would not change. This statement was inaccurate.

A pillar of environmental regulation is accurate and truthful reporting by regulated parties; any time a party fails to accurately report information, it is problematic and hinders the ability of regulators to achieve their missions.”mit in 1995, the MPCA didn’t respond, so Water Gremlin’s hazardous emissions went unregulated for several years, the review states.

But….never forget, that the actual wrong-doing in this case was by the serial violator—Water Gremlin. 
Report available at:

Homeowner Brings Class Action Lawsuit Against Water Gremlin: ‘They Need To Be Held Accountable’
Law firm Liddle and Dubin out of Detroit, Michigan has taken on the class action case. Laura Sheets is one of the attorneys involved
“It is one of the most egregious cases of pollution that I have ever seen,” Sheets said.

Summary of TCE Ban legislation. May 2020 Environmental Monitor, distributed by MN Center for Environmental Advocacy.

Ending the pollution caused by toxic TCE (trichloroethylene).
“….TCE has long been one of the most dangerous and widespread pollutants of air and water in Minnesota. Dozens of sites across the state have groundwater polluted by TCE, including cities like Fridley, New Brighton, Minneapolis, and St. Louis Park. TCE causes cancer at low levels of exposure. In 2016, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency began the process to ban most uses of TCE, and proposed a rule to do so on the last day of the Obama administration. Under the Trump administration, rulemaking to ban TCE was dropped.”

Check out this article for a timeline of events and key milestones as written by Minnesota Center for Environmental Advocacy (MCEA)



After passing through the Senate, 66 to 1, Representative Ami Wazlawik presented her bill to two committees and on May 14th, she presented it on the floor. The bill passed! The Governor is expected to sign the bill today, Saturday May 16th. With his signature, Minnesota will be THE FIRST STATE to ban TCE. Other states have pending legislation that they have not yet been able to push through. And, the EPA has TCE on a list of chemicals to phase out. Minnesota gets the ban done first and says YES to human health.

“No Minnesotan should experience preventable health risks due to exposure to toxic chemicals,” said Rep. Wazlawik. “Today, after months of hard work with community members, we were able to pass a strong TCE ban with bipartisan support.”

WCCO Story from May 14, 2020

“It’s very exciting. Banning TCE is all about protecting human health,” Sherry Hastings of the Neighborhood Concerned Citizens Group said.

They punched through it, stayed with it. They were true to the cause, their neighbor and the environment and honestly I’m really proud of them,” Erin Brockovich said.

“We all understand that chemicals are a part of our life, always have been, especially in modern living. But it is reasonable and necessary to regulate those chemicals to get all the things that we like, enjoy and use, safely. When safer alternatives exist, we should endeavor and work to find those replacements, and get rid of the more dangerous chemicals. TCE has been known to cause cancer so, we do have safer alternatives to TCE.”

Senator Roger Chamberlain (R – Lino Lakes) (4/30/2020 hearing on SF 4073, banning the use of TCE in MN.)

TCE is not just White Bear area issue. It has impacted many MN communities and they are handling expensive clean up and have significant reasons to correlate TCE pollution with cancer cases in their community. Watch the news story below to hear from St. Louis Park, Fridley and SE Como/Minneapolis residents and learn about their decades long fight against TCE pollution and a decades long fight with cancer and other diseases.

MN Senate Passes Bill Banning Toxic Chemical TCE, House To Vote Next Week
By Jennifer Mayerle May 2, 2020 at 9:00 pm

The MN Dept. of Health says that there is no correlation to cancer and TCE pollution in these communities. NCCG and other community groups say that without more in-depth study, you can not dismiss the seemingly increased cancer cases and say that there is no correlation. After all, we all agree that TCE is a cancer-causing chemical. And, we all agree that it has been used at excessive levels, polluting MN communities for years.

Ban on TCE Passes State Senate
WCCO, 4/30/2020

MN Moves to restrict Toxic Chemical After Water Gremlin Scandal
Star Tribune, 5/1/2020

Senate Approves Economic Recovery Act, TCE Ban
MN Senate Republication Caucus 4/30/2020

MN Becomes the first state to ban TCE
Senate DFL, 4/30/2020

MN Senate Passes TCE Ban
Conservation Minnesota, 4/30/2020

“They are still trying to figure out what the impact was of TCE being emitted…we are on the verge of passing the first TCE ban in America.”
Senator Chuck Wiger, DFL Maplewood” SF 4073 Proposed Amendment

“White Bear area was not the first area to be impacted by TCE. “

Rep Ami Wazlawik (DFL, White Bear Township) Introduction of the legislation, including testimony from NCCA and citizens

What can you do? Here’s an easy way to ask your local and state elected officials to ban TCE.

Proposed House Legislation 2/13/2020: “What happened to the White Bear area community was significant and it was significantly wrong and if we can find some change that can help protect others as a result of it then that can be a good thing,”

“There was always a sweet smell,” Burke recalled, a smell he now knows was TCE. As an adolescent, Burke learned that he likely would die before the age of 30 if he didn’t have open heart surgery to fix a congenital hole in his heart.

WCCO: Jan 31, 2020: The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency has spent the past year, assessing the amount of TCE generated by businesses across the state. It’s latest findings point to 8 facilities, that had substantial emissions of the chemical, Reg Chapman reports 


MCPA allows Water Gremlin to begin using the VOC – tDCE, again.

MPCA Administrative Order dated 1/17/2020, outlining provisions for Water Gremlin to begin operating with VOCS.
WCCO Coverage
Statement from NCCG regarding the 1/17/2020 action

It’s been a year. If you just want to refresh your memory on everything that’s happened – or if you want to get up-to-speed quickly, here are two resources for you. 1) A timeline of coverage from our community paper. (Thank you Deb for covering all sides of this story.) White Bear Press 2019 year in review. 2) A Reporter’s Notebook assembled by WCCO and Jennifer Mayerle. Thank you WCCO for investing so much time exploring the various issues being brought to light as a result of the first Stipulation Agreement back in March of 2019.

Fires at Water Gremlin
Since June of 2019 there have been 3 known fires at Water Gremlin. Emergency Services were called for the June fire. They were not called for fires that happened on December 20th and December 27. Tipsters reported the December fires as they were happening. News crews were able to get from Minneapolis to White Bear in time to capture significant footage from the 12/27 fire.

The MPCA shared with NCCG on Jan 10 that Water Gremlin felt the December were easy to control themselves. The fire on 12/20 was put out in a matter of minutes, according to what Water Gremlin reported to the MPCA. The morning fire on 12/27 reignited in the afternoon, in the ventilation system. That subsequent fire was also controlled solely by Water Gremlin, with no notification to emergency services.

The MPCA shared with NCCG that Water Gremlin planned to notify the fire dept. of fires in the future, even if they felt they did not need emergency support. Water Gremlin also is cleaning areas of their facility where cottonwood pollen and other dust has collected over the years.

December 23, 2019 Court Hearing Update
Water Gremlin was in court regarding the notification of workers that their homes would be inspected/cleaned for take-home lead contamination. Click here for a summary of the hearing. As a result of the hearing, notices were officially sent out. And, Water Gremlin paid a $5M bond, in the event that the courts do hold them responsible for cleaning for workers homes. It’s important to note that these workers (past and current) do not include the 920 contract workers from the past 2 years.

December 4, 2019 Court Hearing Updates
White Bear Press: Today (Nov. 22), Judge Leonardo Castro affirmed the state’s authority and actions to address the public health threat of lead poisoning and protect children. He provided clear and detailed orders regarding steps Water Gremlin must put into place in the short-term and the need for Water Gremlin to implement a permanent solution to better protect the health and safety of its workers and their families.

Pioneer Press: Water Gremlin Says It’s Stopped Lead Migration Problem

NCCG Response to Water Gremlin’s Statement: Why did it take extensive action by the state and the community to “implement a clean exit strategy” and “stop the lead migration problem?” Why didn’t this happen a year ago, two years ago, 15 years ago? Do we believe this is the end of the problem? No. Water Gremlin has yet to prove to the community that they can operate safely, without heavy, expensive, taxpayer funded regulatory oversight.

Walmart Stops Selling Water Gremlin lead sinkers.
Star Tribune:
Walmart did not provide a reason. But, the environmental issues that Water Gremlin has had for the past 17+ years, including the recent documentation of 24 children with elevated levels is presumed to be the reason why. See details on Walmart’s environmental policy here.

Governor Walz’s statement on Water Gremlin. 10/28/19
“This is heartbreaking. It is unacceptable. And it is not the first time Water Gremlin has jeopardized the health of Minnesotans.”….

Below are links to a collection of news stories regarding the state shutting down Water Gremlin do to severely elevated levels of lead being found in 12 children of workers. You’ll also find coverage of the court hearings.

This is just a sampling of stories. Google for more coverage by media including the White Bear Press, WCCO, MPR, Kare 11, Fox 9, KSTP 5, the Pioneer Press and The Star Tribune.
WCCO: Water Gremlin Ordered To Temporarily Cease Operations Following Investigation
WCCO: Group Of Water Gremlin Employees Call On Governor To Reopen Plant
WCCO: ‘Public Health Nuisance’: Water Gremlin In Court Over Lead Concerns
White Bear Press: State offered free lead testing, employment services to Water Gremlin workers
WCCO: Water Gremlin Ordered To Remain Closed Until At Least The Weekend
White Bear Press: Representatives respond to state order to shut down Water Gremlin
White Bear Press: District court judge allows conditional restart for Water Gremlin
White Bear Press: Legislators rank TCE ban high on priority list
MPR: State hits Water Gremlin over new hazardous waste violations
Pioneer Press: Officials hit Water Gremlin — again — with new round of pollution charges
Star Tribune: Minnesota’s showdown with Water Gremlin intensifies. As cleanup of lead contamination continues, regulators accuse manufacturer of multiple pollution violations. 

WCCO: A look inside of Water Gremlin

As broken by WCCO – stories about the take-home lead contamination:
Workers At Twin Cities Plant May Have Exposed Families To Lead, 10/21/19
12 Kids Of Parents Who Worked At Water Gremlin Have High Lead Levels, 10/28/19

Conservation Minnesota hosted the Oct. 26 forum at the Hanifl Performing Arts Center. Its mission, said Policy Director Nels Paulsen, is to remove toxic chemicals from the environment. Paulsen moderated the panel discussion, noting that a year ago, “We didn’t expect to be here. We didn’t know about this, but now we do and we’re going to do something about it.”

White Bear Press, November 6, 2019

NCCG submitted a request to the Office of Legislative Auditor to investigate the Water Gremlin pollution issue.
Coverage by WCCO
As seen in the White Bear Press

Township’s Position on Water Gremlin
…”The Board has been dismayed, to say the least, at Water Gremlin’s failure to grasp the many opportunities it has been given to comply since the beginning of the year.

At this point, the Board will continue to observe the situation and defer to the rightful authority, the MPCA, as the agency has preemptive authority over the Township in these matters. If there is a responsibility that falls upon the Township as directed by the MPCA, we will act accordingly.

From the Governor
Jennifer Mayerle shared an interview with Governor Walz over two segments. The first shares his thoughts on Water Gremlin the second talks about TCE .

Coverage on the responses to Senator Chamberlain’s requests of various state, county and legal agencies to investigate Water Gremlin.
Pioneer Press
State Legislative Auditor will investigate MPCA for it’s handling of Water Gremlin Pollution
Ramsey County Attorney to review concerns around Water Gremlin
Legislative auditor to investigate MPCA’s role in Water Gremlin controversy

Senator Roger Chamberlain requests investigation into Water Gremlin and, into how the MPCA has handled this issue.
Call on Ramsey County Attorney and Legislative Audit to investigate.

Call on Gov. Walz, Bureau of Criminal Apprehension and Sheriff Fletcher to investigate.

The White Bear Press has written many articles on the Water Gremlin issue. Here are links to the articles from the last couple of weeks. (Posted 9/2/19).
Water Gremlin Stands it’s Contaminated Ground (Regarding refusal to voluntarily shut down.)
Water Gremlin to voluntarily discontinue tDCE Use (Article about Water Gremlin agreeing to shut down operations temporarily.)
Water Gremlin Ordered to Stop Coating Operations (Story about the MPCA shut down of Water Gremlin through a rarely used Administrative Order process.)

Tuesday, August 27, the MPCA hosted a community meeting in White Bear Lake to share the recent discoveries of inadequate pollution control equipment to the community. A variety of media were present and covered the story. Key take-aways included:
* The MPCA having no confidence of the ability of Water Gremlin to control tDCE in the plant.
* A concerning amount of tDCE in the soil, especially after just 4 months of operation.
* A lack of trust by both the community and the MPCA, compounded after Water Gremlin held on to reports showing ground contamination for 40 days, instead of reporting in 48 hours. (And, they continued to operate, as well as refused to shut down voluntarily when asked by the MPCA to do so on Thursday, August 15.)
Also see WCCO for ongoing, regular stories on this issue.

TCE pollution is not just a White Bear issue. It is happening across the state of MN and across the country.

“University of California San Francisco scientist Veena Singla said that when it comes to chemicals like TCE, there are no safe levels of exposure.”….

“We know it can cause cancer by any route of exposure,” University of California San Francisco scientist Veena Singla said. “So what that means is whether you breathe it in, whether you drink it in contaminated water… we’re concerned about all those exposures.”

“…I think no company wants to be in a situation like Water Gremlin,” Smith said. Smith said the MPCA relied on accurate reports, which they didn’t get– and is firm in saying the company should’ve known right away. “Their obligation is to know. At all levels of the organization,  from the CEO down to the operational person,” Smith said.

Thanks WCCO and Jennifer Mayerle for continuing to shed light on what happened in the White Bear area. It can happen anywhere in MN. WCCO story – aired on June 25, 2019

In addition to TCE risk being real, lead is also an issue. ...3.6% of kids of Water Gremlin employees had an elevated blood lead level. “That’s concerning all the way around,” Kelly said. That reflects some of their work practices needed or need to be improved to try to prevent that sort of thing.” WCCO & Jennifer Mayerle on June 17, 2019

An important issue we tracked and worked on this legislative session at Conservation Minnesota was the bipartisan proposal to ban the industrial solvent trichloroethylene, more commonly known as TCE. 

“When something significant happens to your community like this … it’s important to step up to the plate and make sure that you’re living in a safe place, and you’re doing your part to make sure that that happens,” Thanks WCCO for helping to amplify our voice.

We bought the house of our dreams on Goose Lake and we can’t even open the doors because we’re afraid.”

NCCG was a key community group behind this legislation and we worked in partnership with our MN Senators and Representatives from both parties. We also worked very closely with the MPCA and the MDH to craft legislation that would meet their requirements and help satisfy business concerns. Our citizen voice, that was being heard and respected, was silenced in closed door conference committee; due to a heavy push by the Chamber and by lobbyists for industry.

Reality Check: The Capitol’s ‘Cone Of Silence’ Some good perspective on the closed door session from WCCO. The session started off with promises of transparency…and then ended with deals made behind closed doors.

WCCO has been investigating the Water Gremlin story. Click here for stories of citizen health concerns. We still have many questions about what actually happened and the impact to our community.

House Environment and Natural Resources Finance Division 5/23/19 public session. Listen to Commissioner Bishop at the 1hr, 7 min mark. She pledges support for our community, even though the MPCA, Governor and others ultimately did not support the bills they worked with the community to craft. At the 1.11 mark, you’ll hear Representative Lee discuss concerns he has about workers at Water Gremlin. And, finally, at the 1:28 mark, you’ll hear the NCCG letter read on our behalf. If you have time, skip over to 1:32 and hear a citizen talk about mining. (He’s pretty great and entertaining!!)

Senator Chuck Wiger
“…This not only impacts our 3 districts, this impacts all of MN, the impact of TCE. …These are people involuntary who have been exposed.”

“This was a home run. This was an easy one for use….To say that we can’t do this because of the process means that the process isn’t working. …One of the purest ways as a Senator that I enjoy seeing legislation coming around is when it is inspired by citizens getting together and activating. And, asking for some change.”

“…and now we have a body unwilling to act and we are going to hide behind the process. …No reasonable person looking at this situation should say “hey, let’s be on the side of TCE here. …Nobody thinks that’s a good idea.”

“…the only group I know who doesn’t like this is the Chamber.”

Senator Isaacson, May 24, 2019

MN was very close to being the first state to ban TCE, a chemical that is on the top 10 list currently being investigated by the EPA. See letter to editor here for more.

To learn a bit more about NCCG and how we were formed, check out this article from the White Bear Press.

WCCO coverage on the second public meeting hosted by MPCA and MDH. This was just after the stipulation agreement was made public.

“Water Gremlin Shuts Down Production After Violating Air Quality Permit in White Bear Township” is an early story from Fox 9. This was before the community understood how many years this had been going on and the extent of pollution.

White Bear Press coverage of the first community meeting. The community found out after this meeting that MPCA and Water Gremlin were very close to finalizing the stipulation agreement, with the details on the extent of pollution. However, this was not shared until March 1.

To learn more about the Water Gremlin exposure issue from the NCCG community perspective, click here for a series of articles summarizing our findings and research.